Tue March 10th 2015
- Brushing too hard
- Pregnancy hormones
- Primary cause is dental care issues
Gingivitis and Periodontitis causes your gums to be sensitive and prone to bleeding.
Gingivitis develops when plaque remains too long on the gum line.Brushing and flossing correctly morning and night helps control the debris and bacteria that sticks to your teeth, however there are some areas that always get missed. Mainly because they are too difficult to reach but it is vital to the health of your gums that they are reached. Along the gum line is where gingivitis develops when plaque remains there too long and hardens to develop into tarter.
Symptoms of gingivitis are:
- Puffy and sore gums
- Bleeding gums
- Bad breath
If left too long without treatment, gingivitis continues to an advanced stage where the gums pull away from you teeth to form pockets that get infected. This stage is referred to as periodontal disease. This infection in its advance stages, destroys the soft tissue and bone that anchor your teeth to your jaw bone. Once this occurs your teeth become loose and inevitably fall out.
A visit to your dentist twice a year for a professional clean will break down the plaque and tartar build up to relieve your stressed gums.
If bone loss has already occurred, there is no way of reversing this, however it may not be too late to prevent further bone loss and keep your teeth in tacked. To achieve this, it is imperative to practice good oral hygiene, instructed by your dentist, and book your regular cleans with him or her.
When you smoke it weakens your immune system and this makes it harder for your body to fight infection. This is why a person that smokes is at twice as much risk of getting periodontal disease as someone that does not smoke. Treatments for this disease will not be as affective on a person that smokes as smoking delays the healing process of the gums.